Common Diseases Caused by Obesity

Posted By: Stella Pike | May 28, 2017

Being obese isn’t a cosmetic problem. This condition is a serious state as it greatly raises your risk for other health problems.

Obesity is due to eating a lot of calories – especially fatty and foods with high sugar content – than what you can burn off over physical activity. The excess energy is later stored as fat. Obesity is a progressively common health problem, due to the fact that many modern lifestyles sometimes encourage consuming extreme amounts of cheap, high-caloric foods and spending most of the time on desks, sofas or cars.

Obesity Health Risks

Type 2 Diabetes

According the Nurses’ Health Study, which surveyed 114,000 middle-aged women for about 14 years, the risk of getting diabetes was roughly 93 times greater in women with a BMI of 35 or more at the beginning of the study, as compared to women with BMIs of 22 or lower. Gaining weight during adulthood also increases the risk of getting diabetes, even with women having BMIs in the healthy range. A study done by The Health professionals Follow-up has found the same association with men.

Cardiovascular Disease

Body weight id directly linked with many cardiovascular risk factors. As the BMI increase, so is the blood pressure, LDLs (low-density lipoprotein or bad cholesterol), blood sugar, inflammation, and triglycerides. These alterations usually mean increased risk for cardiovascular death, coronary heart disease and stroke.


In a comprehensive evaluation of data, which was released last 2007, a knowledgeable panel brought together by the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund established that there was substantial evidence of a link concerning obesity and cancer of the breast, colon and rectum, esophagus, pancreas, kidney and endometrium, and a potential link between obesity and cancer of the gallbladder.


The increasing rate of depression and obesity and each of their association with cardiovascular disease, has urged a lot of investigators to discover the connection between mood and weight. Moreover, examination of 17 cross-sectional studies has found out that obese individuals were more likely to experience depression as compared to those with health weight.


Obesity can affect many characteristics of reproduction, from sexual activities to conception. According to the Nurses’ Health Study, infertility was low among women with BMIs ranging from 20-24 (normal BMI). The study suggests that about 25% of ovulatory infertility in the USA is may be due to obesity. In the course of pregnancy, obesity increases the possibility if early and late miscarriage, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and some complications during labor and delivery. It can also increase the possibility of bearing a child with congenital abnormalities.

Lung Function/Respiratory Disease

Extra weight damages the respiratory functions through mechanical and metabolic pathways. The buildup of fat in the abdomen may hinder the descent of the diaphragm, and also the lung expansion, while the buildup of visceral fat may decrease the flexibility of the chest wall, sap respiratory muscle strength, and narrow airways in the lungs.

Memory and Cognitive Function

Body weight is a changeable risk factor for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. A meta-analysis of ten prospective cohort studies that involved about 42,000 individuals being followed for 3-36 years validated a U-shaped link between Alzheimer’s disease and BMI. Being obese was linked with 42% higher risk.

Musculoskeletal Disorders

In the USA, roughly about 46 million adults reported arthritis diagnosed by doctors. Osteoarthritis in the knee and hips are linked with obesity, and patients who are obese, account for 1/3 of all joint replacements. Obesity also increases the threat of back pain, pain in the lower limb and disability because of musculoskeletal disorders.

Other Conditions

A few of additional health results have been associated with excess weight. These include the growth of gallstones among men and women, also gout, chronic kidney conditions, and nonalcoholic fatty liver condition.


Given the many adverse effects of obesity on many aspects of health, it makes sense that the problem can also shorten survival or increases the risk of premature mortality.

The Bottom Line

Obesity threatens virtually many aspects of health, from decreasing lifespan and contributing to chronic diseases. Obesity is not essentially a permanent problem. With exercise, proper diet, medications and sometimes surgery can help in losing weight.